عنوان مقاله [English]
In this study, techniques for heat transfer enhancement reviewed. Application of nanofluids was studied as a new technique for more energy saving and heat recovery. Transys version17 simulation was used for prediction of thermal efficiency of water and various nanofluids in a flat plate solar collector. Nano fluids that were used in this simulation analysis are copper oxide, copper, and alumina. The results show that the heat transfer and thermal efficiency of copper nanofluid are greater than other working fluids while the exergy efficiency of alumina is greater. Gambit 2.4.6 was used for our CFD calculation along with the Fluent version17.2. We used a model to numerically simulate the heat transfer. The governing equations and corresponding boundary conditions are converted to dimensionless forms and solved numerically by the finite element method. The results show that efficiency of copper is 67% and it is greater than alumina and copper oxide efficiency.